Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market – Industry Analysis and Forecast (2019-2026) –By Type, Technology, End-User, and Geography

Market Scenario

Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market was valued US$ 798.78 Mn in 2019 and is expected to reach US$ XX Mn by 2026, at a CAGR of XX % during a forecast period. The report includes the analysis of impact of COVID-19 lock-down on the revenue of market leaders, followers, and disrupters. Since lock down was implemented differently in different regions and countries, impact of same is also different by regions and segments. The report has covered the current short term and long term impact on the market, same will help decision makers to prepare the outline for short term and long term strategies for companies by region. Market based on type, technology, end-user, and region. In terms of type, the global wave and tidal energy market are classified into wave power plants and tidal power plants. Based on technology, the global wave, and tidal energy market is segregated into the tidal steam generator, pendulor device, oscillating water columns, barrage and others. On the basis of end-user, the global wave and tidal energy market are categorized into residential, commercial and industrial. Region wise into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa, and Latin America. The global wave and tidal energy market witnesses highest demand owing to rise in an expansion of the projects across countries, which results in massive electricity cost reduction. Moreover, an increase in investments and new policies by local governments promotes the technology developers for rapid commercialization of their energy converter devices. The technology development is still in the development phase for both energy forms. Together with the increase in stringent environmental protection regulations across the globe, is compelling the power generation industry to switch to cleaner and environment-friendly energy resources. This is anticipated to emerge as the key driver of the global wave and tidal energy market in future. In terms of type, tidal energy is anticipated to lead the market through 2026. The assortment of technologies brought by companies to leverage the potential of this type of energy will account for the attractive growth. The most important step toward the commercialization of tidal technology is represented by the MeyGen project, which has been operational since 2018. The Asia Pacific is one of the key and most attractive markets for wave and tidal energy market. The substantial growth of the economy, awareness amongst the population, availability of resources, and developments in open test sites are anticipated to increase market growth over the forecast period. Some of the key players in the global wave and tidal energy market are Aquamarine Power Ltd., Marine Current Turbines Ltd., Atlantis Resources Ltd., AquaGen Technologies, Tenax Energy, Ocean Renewable Power Company LLC, Ocean Power Technologies, Inc., Carnegie Wave Energy, and Pelamis Wave Power.

Scope of the Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market

Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market by Type

• Wave Power Plants • Tidal Power Plants

Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market by Technology

• Tidal Steam Generator • Pendulor Device • Oscillating Water Columns • Barrage • Others

Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market by End-User

• Residential • Commercial • Industrial

Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market by Geography

• North America • Europe • Asia-Pacific • Middle East & Africa • Latin America

Key Players operating in the Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market

• Aquamarine Power Ltd. • Marine Current Turbines Ltd. • Atlantis Resources Ltd. • AquaGen Technologies • Tenax Energy • Ocean Renewable Power Company LLC • Ocean Power Technologies, Inc. • Carnegie Wave Energy • Pelamis Wave Power • IHI Corporation • YAM PRO Energy • AW Energy Oy Ltd

Table of Contents

Global wave and tidal energy market

1. Preface 1.1. Report Scope and Market Segmentation 1.2. Research Highlights 1.3. Research Objectives 1.4. Key Questions Answered 2. Assumptions and Research Methodology 2.1. Report Assumptions 2.2. Abbreviations Used 2.3. Research Methodology 3. Executive Summary 3.1. Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market Size, by Market Value (US$ Mn) and Market, by Region 4. Market Overview 4.1. Introduction 4.2. Market Indicator 4.3. Drivers and Restraints Snapshot Analysis 4.3.1. Drivers 4.3.2. Restraints 4.3.3. Opportunities 4.3.4. Porter’s Analysis 4.3.5. Value Chain Analysis 4.3.6. SWOT Analysis 5. Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis and Forecast 5.1. Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis and Forecast 5.2. Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market Size& Y-o-Y Growth Analysis 5.2.1. North America 5.2.2. Europe 5.2.3. Asia Pacific 5.2.4. Middle East & Africa 5.2.5. Latin America 6. Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis and Forecast, by Type 6.1. Introduction and Definition 6.2. Key Findings 6.3. Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by Type 6.4. Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Type 6.5. Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis, by Type 6.6. Wave and Tidal Energy Market Attractiveness Analysis, by Type 7. Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis and Forecast, by End-User 7.1. Introduction and Definition 7.2. Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by End-User 7.3. Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by End-User 7.4. Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis, by End-User 7.5. Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market Attractiveness Analysis, by End-User 8. Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis and Forecast, by Technology 8.1. Introduction and Definition 8.2. Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by Technology 8.3. Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Technology 8.4. Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis, by Technology 8.5. Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market Attractiveness Analysis, by Technology 9. Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis, by Region 9.1. Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by Region 9.2. Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region 9.3. Global Wave and Tidal Energy Market Attractiveness Analysis, by Region 10. North America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis 10.1. Key Findings 10.2. North America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Overview 10.3. North America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by Type 10.4. North America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 10.4.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 10.4.2. Tidal Power Plants 10.5. North America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by End-User 10.6. North America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 10.6.1. Residential 10.6.2. Commercial 10.6.3. Industrial 10.7. North America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by Technology 10.8. North America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 10.8.1. Tidal Steam Generator 10.8.2. Pendulor Device 10.8.3. Oscillating Water Columns 10.8.4. Barrage 10.8.5. Others 10.9. North America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by Country 10.10. North America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Country 10.10.1. U.S. 10.10.2. Canada 10.11. North America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis, by Country 10.12. U.S. Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 10.12.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 10.12.2. Tidal Power Plants 10.13. U.S. Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 10.13.1. Residential 10.13.2. Commercial 10.13.3. Industrial 10.14. U.S. Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 10.14.1. Tidal Steam Generator 10.14.2. Pendulor Device 10.14.3. Oscillating Water Columns 10.14.4. Barrage 10.14.5. Others 10.15. Canada Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 10.15.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 10.15.2. Tidal Power Plants 10.16. Canada Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 10.16.1. Residential 10.16.2. Commercial 10.16.3. Industrial 10.17. Canada Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 10.17.1. Tidal Steam Generator 10.17.2. Pendulor Device 10.17.3. Oscillating Water Columns 10.17.4. Barrage 10.17.5. Others 10.18. North America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Attractiveness Analysis 10.18.1. By Type 10.18.2. By End-User 10.18.3. By Technology 10.19. PEST Analysis 11. Europe Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis 11.1. Key Findings 11.2. Europe Wave and Tidal Energy Market Overview 11.3. Europe Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by Type 11.4. Europe Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 11.4.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 11.4.2. Tidal Power Plants 11.5. Europe Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by End-User 11.6. Europe Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 11.6.1. Residential 11.6.2. Commercial 11.6.3. Industrial 11.7. Europe Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by Technology 11.8. Europe Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 11.8.1. Tidal Steam Generator 11.8.2. Pendulor Device 11.8.3. Oscillating Water Columns 11.8.4. Barrage 11.8.5. Others 11.9. Europe Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by Country 11.10. Europe Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Country 11.10.1.1. Germany 11.10.1.2. U.K. 11.10.1.3. France 11.10.1.4. Italy 11.10.1.5. Spain 11.10.1.6. Rest of Europe 11.11. Europe Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis, by Country/ Sub-region 11.12. Germany Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 11.12.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 11.12.2. Tidal Power Plants 11.13. Germany Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 11.13.1. Residential 11.13.2. Commercial 11.13.3. Industrial 11.14. Germany Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 11.14.1. Tidal Steam Generator 11.14.2. Pendulor Device 11.14.3. Oscillating Water Columns 11.14.4. Barrage 11.14.5. Others 11.15. U.K. Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 11.15.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 11.15.2. Tidal Power Plants 11.16. U.K. Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 11.16.1. Residential 11.16.2. Commercial 11.16.3. Industrial 11.17. U.K. Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 11.17.1. Tidal Steam Generator 11.17.2. Pendulor Device 11.17.3. Oscillating Water Columns 11.17.4. Barrage 11.17.5. Others 11.18. France Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 11.18.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 11.18.2. Tidal Power Plants 11.19. France Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 11.19.1. Residential 11.19.2. Commercial 11.19.3. Industrial 11.20. France Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 11.20.1. Tidal Steam Generator 11.20.2. Pendulor Device 11.20.3. Oscillating Water Columns 11.20.4. Barrage 11.20.5. Others 11.21. Italy Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 11.21.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 11.21.2. Tidal Power Plants 11.22. Italy Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 11.22.1. Residential 11.22.2. Commercial 11.22.3. Industrial 11.23. Italy Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 11.23.1. Tidal Steam Generator 11.23.2. Pendulor Device 11.23.3. Oscillating Water Columns 11.23.4. Barrage 11.23.5. Others 11.24. Spain Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 11.24.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 11.24.2. Tidal Power Plants 11.25. Spain Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 11.25.1. Residential 11.25.2. Commercial 11.25.3. Industrial 11.26. Spain Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 11.26.1. Tidal Steam Generator 11.26.2. Pendulor Device 11.26.3. Oscillating Water Columns 11.26.4. Barrage 11.26.5. Others 11.27. Rest of Europe Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 11.27.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 11.27.2. Tidal Power Plants 11.28. Rest of Europe Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 11.28.1. Residential 11.28.2. Commercial 11.28.3. Industrial 11.29. Rest of Europe Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 11.29.1. Tidal Steam Generator 11.29.2. Pendulor Device 11.29.3. Oscillating Water Columns 11.29.4. Barrage 11.29.5. Others 11.30. Europe Wave and Tidal Energy Market Attractiveness Analysis 11.30.1. By Type 11.30.2. By End-User 11.30.3. By Technology 11.31. PEST Analysis 12. Asia Pacific Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis 12.1. Key Findings 12.2. Asia Pacific Wave and Tidal Energy Market Overview 12.3. Asia Pacific Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by Type 12.4. Asia Pacific Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 12.4.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 12.4.2. Tidal Power Plants 12.5. Asia Pacific Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by End-User 12.6. Asia Pacific Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 12.6.1. Residential 12.6.2. Commercial 12.6.3. Industrial 12.7. Asia Pacific Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by Technology 12.8. Asia Pacific Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 12.8.1. Tidal Steam Generator 12.8.2. Pendulor Device 12.8.3. Oscillating Water Columns 12.8.4. Barrage 12.8.5. Others 12.9. Asia Pacific Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by Country 12.10. Asia Pacific Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Country 12.10.1. China 12.10.2. India 12.10.3. Japan 12.10.4. ASEAN 12.10.5. Rest of Asia Pacific 12.11. Asia Pacific Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis, by Country/ Sub-region 12.12. China Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 12.12.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 12.12.2. Tidal Power Plants 12.13. China Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 12.13.1. Residential 12.13.2. Commercial 12.13.3. Industrial 12.14. China Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 12.14.1. Tidal Steam Generator 12.14.2. Pendulor Device 12.14.3. Oscillating Water Columns 12.14.4. Barrage 12.14.5. Others 12.15. India Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 12.15.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 12.15.2. Tidal Power Plants 12.16. India Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 12.16.1. Residential 12.16.2. Commercial 12.16.3. Industrial 12.17. India Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 12.17.1. Tidal Steam Generator 12.17.2. Pendulor Device 12.17.3. Oscillating Water Columns 12.17.4. Barrage 12.17.5. Others 12.18. Japan Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 12.18.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 12.18.2. Tidal Power Plants 12.19. Japan Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 12.19.1. Residential 12.19.2. Commercial 12.19.3. Industrial 12.20. Japan Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 12.20.1. Tidal Steam Generator 12.20.2. Pendulor Device 12.20.3. Oscillating Water Columns 12.20.4. Barrage 12.20.5. Others 12.21. ASEAN Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 12.21.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 12.21.2. Tidal Power Plants 12.22. ASEAN Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 12.22.1. Residential 12.22.2. Commercial 12.22.3. Industrial 12.23. ASEAN Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 12.23.1. Tidal Steam Generator 12.23.2. Pendulor Device 12.23.3. Oscillating Water Columns 12.23.4. Barrage 12.23.5. Others 12.24. Rest of Asia Pacific Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 12.24.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 12.24.2. Tidal Power Plants 12.25. Rest of Asia Pacific Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 12.25.1. Residential 12.25.2. Commercial 12.25.3. Industrial 12.26. Rest of Asia Pacific Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 12.26.1. Tidal Steam Generator 12.26.2. Pendulor Device 12.26.3. Oscillating Water Columns 12.26.4. Barrage 12.26.5. Others 12.27. Asia Pacific Wave and Tidal Energy Market Attractiveness Analysis 12.27.1. By Type 12.27.2. By End-User 12.27.3. By Technology 12.28. PEST Analysis 13. Middle East & Africa Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis 13.1. Key Findings 13.2. Middle East & Africa Wave and Tidal Energy Market Overview 13.3. Middle East & Africa Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by Type 13.4. Middle East & Africa Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 13.4.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 13.4.2. Tidal Power Plants 13.5. Middle East & Africa Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by End-User 13.6. Middle East & Africa Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 13.6.1. Residential 13.6.2. Commercial 13.6.3. Industrial 13.7. Middle East & Africa Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by Technology 13.8. Middle East & Africa Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 13.8.1. Tidal Steam Generator 13.8.2. Pendulor Device 13.8.3. Oscillating Water Columns 13.8.4. Barrage 13.8.5. Others 13.9. Middle East & Africa Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by Country 13.10. Middle East & Africa Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Country 13.10.1. GCC 13.10.2. South Africa 13.10.3. Rest of Middle East & Africa 13.11. Middle East & Africa Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis, by Country/ Sub-region 13.12. GCC Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 13.12.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 13.12.2. Tidal Power Plants 13.13. GCC Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 13.13.1. Residential 13.13.2. Commercial 13.13.3. Industrial 13.14. GCC Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 13.14.1. Tidal Steam Generator 13.14.2. Pendulor Device 13.14.3. Oscillating Water Columns 13.14.4. Barrage 13.14.5. Others 13.15. South Africa Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 13.15.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 13.15.2. Tidal Power Plants 13.16. South Africa Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 13.16.1. Residential 13.16.2. Commercial 13.16.3. Industrial 13.17. South Africa Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 13.17.1. Tidal Steam Generator 13.17.2. Pendulor Device 13.17.3. Oscillating Water Columns 13.17.4. Barrage 13.17.5. Others 13.18. Rest of Middle East & Africa Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 13.18.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 13.18.2. Tidal Power Plants 13.19. Rest of Middle East & Africa Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 13.19.1. Residential 13.19.2. Commercial 13.19.3. Industrial 13.20. Rest of Middle East & Africa Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 13.20.1. Tidal Steam Generator 13.20.2. Pendulor Device 13.20.3. Oscillating Water Columns 13.20.4. Barrage 13.20.5. Others 13.21. Middle East & Africa Wave and Tidal Energy Market Attractiveness Analysis 13.21.1. By Type 13.21.2. By End-User 13.21.3. By Technology 13.22. PEST Analysis 14. Latin America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis 14.1. Key Findings 14.2. Latin America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Overview 14.3. Latin America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by Type 14.4. Latin America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 14.4.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 14.4.2. Tidal Power Plants 14.5. Latin America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by End-User 14.6. Latin America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 14.6.1. Residential 14.6.2. Commercial 14.6.3. Industrial 14.7. Latin America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by Technology 14.8. Latin America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 14.8.1. Tidal Steam Generator 14.8.2. Pendulor Device 14.8.3. Oscillating Water Columns 14.8.4. Barrage 14.8.5. Others 14.9. Latin America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Value Share Analysis, by Country 14.10. Latin America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Country 14.10.1. Brazil 14.10.2. Mexico 14.10.3. Rest of Latin America 14.11. Latin America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Analysis, by Country/ Sub-region 14.12. Brazil Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 14.12.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 14.12.2. Tidal Power Plants 14.13. Brazil Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 14.13.1. Residential 14.13.2. Commercial 14.13.3. Industrial 14.14. Brazil Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 14.14.1. Tidal Steam Generator 14.14.2. Pendulor Device 14.14.3. Oscillating Water Columns 14.14.4. Barrage 14.14.5. Others 14.15. Mexico Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 14.15.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 14.15.2. Tidal Power Plants 14.16. Mexico Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 14.16.1. Residential 14.16.2. Commercial 14.16.3. Industrial 14.17. Mexico Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 14.17.1. Tidal Steam Generator 14.17.2. Pendulor Device 14.17.3. Oscillating Water Columns 14.17.4. Barrage 14.17.5. Others 14.18. Rest of Latin America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Type 14.18.1. WAVE POWER PLANTS 14.18.2. Tidal Power Plants 14.19. Rest of Latin America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by End-User 14.19.1. Residential 14.19.2. Commercial 14.19.3. Industrial 14.20. Rest of Latin America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Forecast, by Technology 14.20.1. Tidal Steam Generator 14.20.2. Pendulor Device 14.20.3. Oscillating Water Columns 14.20.4. Barrage 14.20.5. Others 14.21. Latin America Wave and Tidal Energy Market Attractiveness Analysis 14.21.1. By Type 14.21.2. By End-User 14.21.3. By Technology 14.22. PEST Analysis 15. Company Profiles 15.1. Market Share Analysis, by Company 15.2. Competition Matrix 15.3. Company Profiles: Key Players 15.3.1. Aquamarine Power Ltd. 15.3.1.1. Company Overview 15.3.1.2. Financial Overview 15.3.1.3. Business Strategy 15.3.1.4. Recent Developments 15.3.1.5. Manufacturing Footprint 15.3.2. Marine Current Turbines Ltd. 15.3.3. Atlantis Resources Ltd. 15.3.4. AquaGen Technologies 15.3.5. Tenax Energy 15.3.6. Ocean Renewable Power Company LLC 15.3.7. Ocean Power Technologies, Inc. 15.3.8. Carnegie Wave Energy 15.3.9. Pelamis Wave Power 15.3.10. IHI Corporation 15.3.11. YAM PRO Energy 15.3.12. AW Energy Oy Ltd 16. Primary Key Insights

About This Report

Report ID 21184
Category Energy & Power
Published Date
No of Pages 176
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