Global 5G Testing Equipment Market: Industry Analysis and Forecast (2021-2027) by Equipment, Revenue Source, End-User and Region

Global 5G Testing Equipment Market size was valued at US$ 1.68 Bn. in 2019 and the total revenue is expected to grow at 8.83 % through 2021 to 2027, reaching nearly US$ 3.31 Bn.

Global 5G Testing Equipment Market Overview:

The global 5G testing equipment market size was valued at US$ 1.84 billion in 2020. And it is expected to reach US$ 3.31 billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 8.83 % over the forecasting period of 2021-2027. The 5G testing equipment is one of the most modern technologies in terms of mobile phones. Network connectivity has progressed through the generations of 2G, 3G, 4G, and 5G, as well as enhanced network technologies. The fifth generation of cellular communication technologies, 5G, operates in extremely wide radio frequency bands.   Global 5G Testing Equipment Market To know about the Research Methodology :- Request Free Sample Report The report has covered the market trends from 2015 to forecast the market through 2026. 2019 is considered a base year however 2020’s numbers are on real output of the companies in the market. Special attention is given to 2020 and effect of lockdown on the demand and supply, and also the impact of lockdown for next two years on the market. Some companies have done well in lockdown also and specific strategic analysis of those companies is done in the report.

Global 5G Testing Equipment Market Dynamics:

The market is driven by a growing telecommunications user base and global R&D activities. In addition, promoting the increasing popularity of 5G network deployment and software-defined testing are some of the more important factors driving the growth of the 5G test equipment market throughout the forecast period. In addition, the emergence of hyper-connected earth is one of the important factors that are expected to increase the demand for 5G test equipment. In India, China, and other developing countries, the increasing use of connected devices is generating data traffic in the network, which puts forward requirements for the construction of a safe, reliable, and effective network. For example, in February 2020, Cavli, as an IoT hardware solution provider platform, released its main 5G test network in India. The release of 5G technology is expected to have a transformative impact, mainly in smart cities and industries around the world. Emerging applications and business models, together with lower device costs, have aided IoT adoption and, as a result, the number of linked devices - such as connected automobiles, machines, meters, wearable, and consumer electronics - greatly. Through the advent of IoT and machine-to-machine connections, which have been crucial in pushing the market, Industrial Revolution 4.0 is assisting cellular connectivity throughout the industry. Global 5G Testing Equipment Market

Global 5G Testing Equipment Market Segment Analysis:

On the basis of equipment, the global 5G testing equipment market is sub-segmented into Oscilloscopes, Signal and Spectrum Analyzers, Vector Signal Generators, Network Analyzers, Others. The signal and spectrum analyzers segment held a large market share of 24.8% in 2019. This is owing to its quick and simple signal analysis, as well as its capacity to record and analyse phase-related signal features. As a result of the advent of 5G technologies, reduced business risk factors, and increased network traffic. The use of signal and spectrum analyzers can aid in the prevention of infrastructure delays and deployment problems. The oscilloscopes is the second dominant segment during the forecast period, owing to An increase in demand for signal storage and self-monitored facilities, user interface enhancements, increased bandwidth, and modular instrumentation are all contributing to the increasing intelligence of electronic equipment. Global 5G Testing Equipment Market On the basis of revenue source, the global 5G testing equipment market is sub-segmented into New, Rental. The rental segment held a large market share of 55.9% in 2019, most end users have moved towards rental sources. Leading vendors in the communication testing area have been noticed leasing out 5G test equipment as one of their key objectives. The majority of end-users want to increase their equipment portfolios, resulting in additional revenue streams. Before the complete deployment of 5G testing equipment, various variables like construction, power requirements, and pricing requirements must be considered. On the basis of end-user, the global 5G testing equipment market is sub-segmented into telecom equipment manufacturers, original device manufacturers (ODMS), telecom service providers, others. The telecom equipment manufacturers segment held a large market share of 34.9% in 2019, due to an increase in the deployment of 5G networks and long-term evolution. Instrument management, repair technology, maintenance, calibration, and telecom network design are all made easier with test equipment. It also guarantees that the items meet international specifications. Manufacturers ensure that broadband service providers give their customers a high-quality experience as well as effective service management using technology. Global 5G Testing Equipment Market

Global 5G Testing Equipment Market Regional Insights:

North America dominated the market with share of 41.9% in 2019. Thanks to the increased deployment of 5G network infrastructures and the presence of major network service provider industries like AT&T, which have implemented 5G test equipment early on. To boost network performance, companies in the region are investing in research and development to integrate 5G technology into smartphones and healthcare applications. For instance, in September 2019, Vodafone declared its plan to start up 1,000 5G testing sites in North America in 2020. Due to the growing demand for higher data speeds in commercial and residential applications, Europe is also expected to witness a high demand for 5G services, so the demand for 5G test equipment is also high. The Asia-Pacific is the second dominant region and it held xx % of the share in 2019. It is expected that major market players in China, Japan, and South Korea will focus on deploying 5G network infrastructure for vertical industries such as media and entertainment, transportation and logistics, healthcare, and manufacturing. Global 5G Testing Equipment Market Regional The objective of the report is to present a comprehensive analysis of the global 5G Testing Equipment market to the stakeholders in the industry. The past and current status of the industry with the forecasted market size and trends are presented in the report with the analysis of complicated data in simple language. The report covers all the aspects of the industry with a dedicated study of key players that include market leaders, followers, and new entrants. PORTER, PESTEL analysis with the potential impact of micro-economic factors of the market has been presented in the report. External as well as internal factors that are supposed to affect the business positively or negatively have been analysed, which will give a clear futuristic view of the industry to the decision-makers. The report also helps in understanding the global 5G Testing Equipment market dynamics, structure by analyzing the market segments and projects the global 5G Testing Equipment market size. Clear representation of competitive analysis of key players by product, price, financial position, product portfolio, growth strategies, and regional presence in the global 5G Testing Equipment market make the report investor’s guide.

Global 5G Testing Equipment Market Scope: Inquire before buying

Global 5G Testing Equipment Market Regional

Global 5G Testing Equipment Market, by Region

• North America • Europe • Asia Pacific • Middle East and Africa • South America

Global 5G Testing Equipment Market Key Players

Anritsu Corp.Artiza Networks Inc. • EXFO Inc. • Fortive Corp.Intertek Group Plc • Keysight Technologies Inc. • MACOM Technology • Rohde & Schwarz • Teradyne Inc. • Viavi Solutions Inc. • LitePoint • Trex Enterprises • Siklu Communication Ltd • PRISMA Telecom • Vendors covered • Market positioning • Spirent Communications

Frequently Asked Questions:

1. Which region has the largest share in Global 5G Testing Equipment Market? Ans: North America region holds the highest share in 2019. 2. What is the growth rate of Global 5G Testing Equipment Market? Ans: The Global 5G Testing Equipment Market is growing at a CAGR of 8.83 % during forecasting period 2021-2027. 3. What segments are covered in Global 5G Testing Equipment Market? Ans: Global 5G Testing Equipment market is segmented into equipment, revenue source, end-user and region. 4. Who are the key players in Global 5G Testing Equipment Market? Ans: The important key players in the Global 5G Testing Equipment market are - Vendors covered, Market positioning, Anritsu Corp., Artiza Networks Inc., EXFO Inc., Fortive Corp., Intertek Group Plc, Keysight Technologies Inc., MACOM Technology , Rohde & Schwarz , Teradyne Inc., Viavi Solutions Inc., LitePoint, Trex Enterprises, Siklu Communication Ltd, PRISMA Telecom, Spirent Communications. 5. What is the study period of this market? Ans: The Global 5G Testing Equipment market is studied from 2019 to 2027.
1. Preface 1.1. Market Definition and Key Research Objectives 1.2. Research Highlights 2. Assumptions and Research Methodology 2.1. Report Assumptions 2.2. Abbreviations 2.3. Research Methodology 2.3.1. Secondary Research 2.3.1.1. Secondary data 2.3.1.2. Secondary Sources 2.3.2. Primary Research 2.3.2.1. Data from Primary Sources 2.3.2.2. Breakdown of Primary Sources 3. Executive Summary: Global 5G Testing Equipment Market Size, by Market Value (US$ Bn) 3.1. Global Market Segmentation 3.2. Global Market Segmentation Share Analysis, 2019 3.2.1. Global 3.2.2. By Region (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, South America, Middle East Africa) 3.3. Geographical Snapshot of the 5G Testing Equipment Market 3.4. Geographical Snapshot of the 5G Testing Equipment Market, By Manufacturer share 4. Global 5G Testing Equipment Market Overview, 2019-2027 4.1. Market Dynamics 4.1.1. Drivers 4.1.1.1. Global 4.1.1.2. By Region (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, South America, Middle East Africa) 4.1.2. Restraints 4.1.2.1. Global 4.1.2.2. By Region (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, South America, Middle East Africa) 4.1.3. Opportunities 4.1.3.1. Global 4.1.3.2. By Region (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, South America, Middle East Africa) 4.1.4. Challenges 4.1.4.1. Global 4.1.4.2. By Region (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, South America, Middle East Africa) 4.1.5. Industry Trends and Emerging Technologies 4.1.6. Porters Five Forces Analysis 4.1.6.1. Threat of New Entrants 4.1.6.2. Bargaining Power of Buyers/Consumers 4.1.6.3. Bargaining Power of Suppliers 4.1.6.4. Threat of Substitute Products 4.1.6.5. Intensity of Competitive Rivalry 4.1.7. Value Chain Analysis 4.1.8. Technological Roadmap 4.1.9. Regulatory landscape 4.1.10. Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on the Global 5G Testing Equipment Market 5. Supply Side and Demand Side Indicators 6. Global 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecast, 2019-2027 6.1. Global 5G Testing Equipment Market Size & Y-o-Y Growth Analysis. 7. Global 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 7.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 7.1.1. Oscilloscopes 7.1.2. Signal and Spectrum Analyzers 7.1.3. Vector Signal Generators 7.1.4. Network Analyzers 7.1.5. Others 7.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 7.2.1. New 7.2.2. Rental 7.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 7.3.1. Telecom Equipment Manufacturers 7.3.2. Original Device Manufacturers (ODMs) 7.3.3. Telecom Service Providers 7.3.4. Others 8. Global 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, By Region 8.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Region, 2019-2027 8.1.1. North America 8.1.2. Europe 8.1.3. Asia-Pacific 8.1.4. Middle East & Africa 8.1.5. South America 9. North America 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 9.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 9.1.1. Oscilloscopes 9.1.2. Signal and Spectrum Analyzers 9.1.3. Vector Signal Generators 9.1.4. Network Analyzers 9.1.5. Others 9.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 9.2.1. New 9.2.2. Rental 9.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 9.3.1. Telecom Equipment Manufacturers 9.3.2. Original Device Manufacturers (ODMs) 9.3.3. Telecom Service Providers 9.3.4. Others 10. North America 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, By Country 10.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Country, 2019-2027 10.1.1. US 10.1.2. Canada 10.1.3. Mexico 11. U.S. 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 11.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 11.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 11.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 12. Canada 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 12.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 12.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 12.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 13. Mexico 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 13.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 13.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 13.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 14. Europe 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 14.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 14.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 14.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 15. Europe 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, By Country 15.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Country, 2019-2027 15.1.1. U.K 15.1.2. France 15.1.3. Germany 15.1.4. Italy 15.1.5. Spain 15.1.6. Sweden 15.1.7. CIS Countries 15.1.8. Rest of Europe 16. U.K. 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 16.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 16.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 16.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 17. France 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 17.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 17.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 17.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 18. Germany 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 18.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 18.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 18.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 19. Italy 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 19.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 19.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 19.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 20. Spain 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 20.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 20.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 20.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 21. Sweden 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 21.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 21.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 21.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 22. CIS Countries5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 22.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 22.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 22.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 23. Rest of Europe 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 23.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 23.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 23.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 24. Asia Pacific 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 24.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 24.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 24.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 25. Asia Pacific 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, by Country 25.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Country, 2019-2027 25.1.1. China 25.1.2. India 25.1.3. Japan 25.1.4. South Korea 25.1.5. Australia 25.1.6. ASEAN 25.1.7. Rest of Asia Pacific 26. China 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 26.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 26.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 26.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 27. India 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 27.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 27.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 27.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 28. Japan 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 28.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 28.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 28.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 29. South Korea 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 29.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 29.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 29.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 30. Australia 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 30.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 30.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 30.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 31. ASEAN 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 31.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 31.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 31.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 32. Rest of Asia Pacific 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 32.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 32.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 32.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 33. Middle East Africa 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 33.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 33.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 33.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 34. Middle East Africa 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, by Country 34.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast by Country, 2019-2027 34.1.1. South Africa 34.1.2. GCC Countries 34.1.3. Egypt 34.1.4. Nigeria 34.1.5. Rest of ME&A 35. South Africa 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 35.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 35.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 35.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 36. GCC Countries 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 36.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 36.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 36.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 37. Egypt 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 37.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 37.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 37.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 38. Nigeria 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 38.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 38.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 38.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 39. Rest of ME&A 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 39.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 39.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 39.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 40. South America5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 40.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 40.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 40.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 41. South America 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, by Country 41.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast by Country, 2019-2027 41.1.1. Brazil 41.1.2. Argentina 41.1.3. Rest of South America 42. Brazil 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 42.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 42.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 42.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 43. Argentina 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 43.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 43.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 43.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 44. Rest of South America 5G Testing Equipment Market Analysis and Forecasts, 2019-2027 44.1. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Equipment, 2019-2027 44.2. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By Revenue Source, 2019-2027 44.3. Market Size (Value) Estimates & Forecast By End-user, 2019-2027 45. Competitive Landscape 45.1. Geographic Footprint of Major Players in the Global 5G Testing Equipment Market 45.2. Competition Matrix 45.2.1. Competitive Benchmarking of Key Players By Price, Presence, Market Share, Applications and R&D Investment 45.2.2. New Product Launches and Product Enhancements 45.2.3. Market Consolidation 45.2.3.1. M&A by Regions, Investment and Verticals 45.2.3.2. M&A, Forward Integration and Backward Integration 45.2.3.3. Partnership, Joint Ventures and Strategic Alliances/ Sales Agreements 45.3. Company Profile : Key Players 45.3.1. Anritsu Corp. 45.3.1.1. Company Overview 45.3.1.2. Financial Overview 45.3.1.3. Geographic Footprint 45.3.1.4. Product Portfolio 45.3.1.5. Business Strategy 45.3.1.6. Recent Developments 45.3.2. Artiza Networks Inc. 45.3.3. EXFO Inc. 45.3.4. Fortive Corp. 45.3.5. Intertek Group Plc 45.3.6. Keysight Technologies Inc. 45.3.7. MACOM Technology 45.3.8. Rohde & Schwarz 45.3.9. Teradyne Inc. 45.3.10. Viavi Solutions Inc. 45.3.11. LitePoint 45.3.12. Trex Enterprises 45.3.13. Siklu Communication Ltd 45.3.14. PRISMA Telecom 45.3.15. Vendors covered 45.3.16. Market positioning 45.3.17. Spirent Communications 46. Primary Key Insights

About This Report

Report ID115930
Category Information Technology & Telecommunication
Published DateAug 2021
Updated Date
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